How To Enable Active GNSS Antenna On LTE 4G Shield l-LTE v1.07 4G/LTE CAT 1 shield and l-LTE v 1.07 4G/LTE CAT 4 shield, the smallest 4G/LTE shields available today, have one high-performance GNSS [GPS+GLONASS] engine embedded. By default, the GNSS antenna circuitry is configured for passive antennas [does not have enabled the GNSS antenna power supply circuitry]. Even if the performances achieved with passive GNSS [GPS+GLONASS] antennas are quite impressive, for some projects the usage of active GNSS antenna it's a must. Bellow, you can find how to enable the active antenna powering circuitry for the l-LTE shields.   Platforms: ARDUINO, BEAGLEBONE, TEENSY, RASPBERRY PI or other 2.8V-5V micro-controller or SBC. Time needed: maximum 10 minutes. Previous skills required: Soldering.  

l-LTE shield reference

l-LTE shield - 4G/LTE + GNSS shield compatible with RaspberryPi, BeagleBone, Arduino and Teensyl-LTE LTE/4G + GNSS shield - top details
In the image up here, notice: a. the "SJP1 and SJP2 - GNSS antenna power selector" solder jumpers. By default, both SJP1 and SJP2 are in "CIRCUIT OPEN" configuration [no connection between solder jumpers pads]. b. the "Aux GNSS antenna power" pad [marked "v+GPS" on the board]- variant for the GNSS antenna power source.

GNSS active antenna use cases

Scenario A: your GNSS active antenna supports powering voltages provided by the Vbat circuit [provided by LiPO battery/charger, 3.10->4.25V]; Eg.: your antenna supports 3-5V powering [most of the antennas supports this]. The GNSS antenna will be powered all time. Scenario B: your GNSS active antenna does not support voltages between 3.10->4.25V [Eg.: your GNSS antenna supports 5V only powering], or you want to implement a sort of power management for the GNSS antenna powering circuitry.

GNSS active antenna powering implementation

Scenario A: just make a solder over SJP1 [this will connect Vbat to GNSS antenna circuitry]. Leave SJP2 not soldered [CIRCUIT OPEN]. Done. Scenario B: make a solder over SJP2 [this will connect Vbat to GNSS antenna circuitry]. Leave SJP1 not soldered [CIRCUIT OPEN]. Power the GNSS antenna via "v+GPS" pad and one "GND" pad [the one placed in the right side of the "v+GPS" pad] using proper voltage low noise power source. Done.

Additional tips:

1. Always double check what you've done before powering. 2. You may use GPS only antenna, but the GLONASS satellites will be seen with not so good/proper signal/noise ratio [the GLONASS bandwidth is different from GPS one]. In 99% of the cases, this crack will work for you. Anyway, we recommend combo GPS+GLONASS antenna usage.   More about l-LTE shields : North America versions - European and rest of the world version TUTORIAL PROVIDED WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY! USE IT AT YOUR OWN RISK! - Originally written by Dragos Iosub & team  
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